By David G Newcombe
Whilst Henry VIII died in 1547 he left a church in England that had damaged with Rome - yet was once it Protestant? The English Reformation was once really varied in its tools, motivations and effects to that happening at the continent.
* examines the impacts of continental reform on England
* describes the divorce of Henry VIII and the holiday with Rome
* discusses the political and spiritual results of the holiday with Rome
* assesses the luck of the Reformation as much as 1547
* offers a transparent advisor to the most strands of old idea at the topic.
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Extra resources for Henry VIII and the English Reformation (Lancaster Pamphlets)
In the case of the dispensation which permitted Henry’s marriage to Catherine, the cause that was cited in the bull was that the marriage would ensure peace between England and Spain. It was therefore argued that the bull was invalid because England and Spain were not at war, had been allies for some time before the marriage and needed no insurance of peace between them. The premise on which the bull was promulgated was false, in other words. Moreover, even if the premise were correct, was this a cause weighty enough to justify the human suspension of what was, after all, God’s law?
Far from preventing Rome from taxing the English people, the Crown usually allowed collection and then skimmed substantial percentages from this revenue for its own use. The papacy, always 20 eager for English support, rarely objected too strenuously. A healthy, wealthy and compliant Church was always in the best interests of the Crown. In his sermon of 1511, alluded to earlier, John Colet identified the main complaints against the clergy and the bishops. We have looked briefly at all these problems, and the one common theme running through them is that they were thought to get in the way of effective ministry either by bringing the Church into disrepute or by distracting the individual clergyman from his main task, which was, after all, to serve the spiritual needs of those souls in his care.
While there had been abuses (Thomas Wolsey was always pointed to as the arch-abuser), the practice, if regulated, was seen as necessary. The Church felt that 41 the regulations imposed on pluralism and non-residence were already adequate and it was here that the bishops in the Lords drew the line at lay interference in the governance of the Church. The king was again prevailed upon to find a solution and he did so with another joint committee. The lay members of the committee were not persuaded by the arguments put forward by the bishops, and positions hardened.